Is there an alternative to these models?

Not really. The model focuses on many “very old, but STILL valid” concepts, which help us to protect our directory. For example, having unpatched systems will render into vulnerable systems, and the only solution is to patch them, reducing the risk thus increasing security.

But when a more advanced thread is ahead, the solutions get more complex. The main concept here is: if you cannot access it, then you cannot tramper with it. The model is restricting highly targeted identities (nice cookie for hackers), minimizing their exposure. The model can be somehow modified and adapted, but there is no other “efficient” alternative to the concept.

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